Monthly Archives: September 2022

A Few Things to Know About Cannabis Compliance

DISCLAIMER: Medical decisions should not be made based on advertising. Consult a physician on the benefits and risks of particular hemp-derived products.

In many ways, 2021 was a landmark year for the cannabis industry in the United States, owing largely to the continuous legalization of adult-use cannabis at the state level. While the sector will experience some of the same challenges as last year as a result of federal prohibition, 2022 looks to be another exciting year for cannabis.

Despite federal illegality, the cannabis sector in the United States has grown dramatically in recent years. According to some predictions, overall cannabis sales in the United States could reach $33 billion in 2022, almost $10 billion up from last year.

At Abundant Labs, we have been keeping a close eye on the rapid changes in the industry and how it relates to the varying compliance issues to be considered.

A New Era of Hiring

As more states legalize medicinal or recreational marijuana use and Congress considers decriminalizing cannabis, your drug testing policy may need to be reviewed. Here’s a brief overview of current and proposed marijuana legislation, as well as how it may affect your screening process.

Cannabis testing for job seekers can assist you in maintaining a safe workplace, preventing on-the-job drug usage, and adhering to industry rules. However, an increasing number of states have passed or are proposing legislation to decriminalize or legalize marijuana usage, and some proposed federal proposals would legalize cannabis.

Meanwhile, due to a lack of suitable candidates, other corporations, most notably Amazon, have reduced or eliminated marijuana testing altogether. From a compliance perspective, it is important to understand the difference between cannabis decriminalization and legalization.

While cannabis is still prohibited, possession of small amounts for personal use is generally not regarded as a criminal violation subject to prosecution. On the other hand, with legalization, cannabis use is allowed, same as it is for alcohol or tobacco. However, like with cigarettes or alcohol, legislation can still control its use, such as preventing minors from using it, participating in public places, or driving while doing so.

 

 

Cannabis Compliance Confusion

It’s important to understand that although cannabis is legal in more and more states, federal law does not recognize this. In any situation where there are differing state and federal laws, the federal government will always take precedence. This means cannabis companies still need to be cognizant of their responsibilities as an employer with regard to their employees’ use of marijuana, even in states where recreational use has been legalized.

In addition, many cannabis businesses operate under a dual standard: they must comply with both state-regulated compliance requirements as well as those mandated by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and U.S. Customs Service (USCS).

It’s important to recognize laws are constantly evolving. While some states have legalized recreational marijuana and others have decriminalized it, there are still many states where it is illegal for any reason. And even in states where cannabis is legal, the laws can vary widely from one jurisdiction to another. Even though a company might be compliant with its home state’s laws, it could still make mistakes if its employees or customers engage in illegal activity while traveling or visiting other parts of the country.

The bottom line: you need to stay on top of changing regulations at both the federal level (where they’re likely to remain) and at the state level (where they’re likely to continue changing).

 

 


 

We hope this post has given you a better understanding of the laws surrounding cannabis, and how to stay compliant with them. We also hope it helps to put your mind at ease about what seems like an overwhelming amount of information! It’s important to remember that as legalization goes on, there will be even more changes; but if you keep yourself informed, prepared, and proactive, then you will be able to adapt with ease.

If you want to know more about the part Abundant Labs has to play in this industry or about the high-quality hemp products we make, don’t hesitate to reach out.

CBD Isolate vs. CBD Distillate – What’s the Difference?

Disclaimer: Medical decisions should not be made based on advertising. Consult a physician on the benefits and risks of particular hemp-derived products.

CBD is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid found in the cannabis/hemp plant. It has been shown to have numerous therapeutic benefits, such as relieving pain and inflammation. There are two main types of CBD products: CBD distillate and CBD isolate.

Both are made using a natural extraction process to remove the desired compound (CBD) from the hemp plant. The difference between these two types of products comes down to what you want out of your CBD product – ease or potency?

In order to effectively assist in the decision-making process with customers, it’s best to break down and fully understand the differences between these two CBD products.

What is CBD Distillate?

A distillate is a highly refined natural extract that has undergone the distillation process. With levels of CBD typically 75% or higher, CBD distillate is highly concentrated. Other plant substances, such as flavonoids, terpenes, and cannabinoids (including THC), make up the remainder of the CBD distillate. It is regarded as one of the cleanest and purest extracts on the market, just below CBD isolate in terms of purity.

Due to the presence of additional cannabinoids and plant-based components, CBD distillate has the potential to produce the entourage effect, which many think is essential for maximizing the health advantages of CBD. The entourage effect hypothesizes that many advantageous effects are generated by cannabis compounds’ interactions with our endocannabinoid systems and with one another.

Distillation is the process of purifying a liquid by evaporation. After removing the ethanol solvent used to extract the CBD from the hemp plant, we use wipe-film distillation to separate CBD from other compounds in the crude oil by differences in boiling point. We then collect the CBD condensate and the terpenes in different condensers.

 

 

What is CBD Isolate?

Isolate is a chemical term used to specify the only component is the specified material. The isolate, in this case, would be cannabidiol or CBD. This creates CBD isolate, the purest form of CBD containing none of the other compounds found in the hemp plant.

CBD isolate is created using a natural extraction process that uses CBD distillate and eliminates all the components that give hemp its flavor and aroma. As a result, CBD isolate won’t taste or smell.

CBD isolate is a crystalline solid that, in its natural state, resembles stunning, milky crystals straight out of a winter fairytale. This isolate crystal is subsequently processed into a white powder using a straightforward grinding procedure.

 

 

How CBD Distillate is Used to Make CBD Isolate

After purifying the distillate, the CBD oil undergoes a process called recrystallization. This technique is used to purify chemicals. The desired compound is isolated so impurities can be removed from the solution. To perform recrystallization, a solvent, a chemical used to dissolve other substances, is added to a mixture (in our case, CBD distillate) and heated until all of the distillate dissolves in the solution. After the CBD distillate dissolves, the mixture’s temperature is significantly lowered. This is also called “crashing.”

As the mixture is allowed to cool, the CBD molecules within the mixture reassemble into a crystalline structure, separating themselves from the rest of the mixture. This manipulation of temperature is a well-known technique used in organic chemistry laboratories. Isolate is tested using advanced chemistry instrumentation to determine and certify the composition is purely CBD with no detectable amounts of other cannabinoids, such as THC.

Differences Between CBD Distillate and Isolate

CBD distillate is a golden oil, whereas CBD isolate is a white powder or refined crystal.

Not only does the physical appearance of isolate and distillate differ, but so does the composition of each hemp extract. As mentioned before, isolate is cannabidiol in its purest form while distillate is an extract that not only contains around 75-85% cannabidiol as well as other cannabinoids such as cannabigerol (CBG), cannabinol (CBN), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Terpenes are also present in distillate, which is what gives the hemp plant a distinguished taste and smell depending on the strain of Cannabis Sativa used to begin the extraction process. However, terpenes are not present in CBD isolate. Therefore, it should not smell or taste like cannabis.

Which is Better: CBD Isolate or CBD Distillate?

You must decide if CBD isolate or CBD distillate is best for you as you search for the ideal CBD product, and if you’re working in the cannabis industry, it’s good to know which one will suit your customers’ needs best.

CBD has numerous advantages. It has been demonstrated in certain studies that CBD helps people sleep better, manage their pain more effectively, and relax more readily. People who want the benefits that CBD has to offer without the psychoactive effects of other cannabinoids, such as THC, may consider using a CBD isolate product.

Contrarily, CBD distillate also includes other components obtained from cannabis in addition to CBD. However, it won’t include any extraneous or dangerous elements like solvents, heavy metals, or fungus. Cannabis consumers would prefer a CBD distillate over an isolate if they wanted to take advantage of all the cannabis plant’s advantages and experience the entourage effect.

Bottom Line: The Answer to Which is Better Lies in The User

Some users find that CBD isolate fits the bill for treatment, perhaps for treating anxiety or enhancing the cognitive ability of those with neurological disorders. Although CBD isolate does not offer the benefits of the entourage effect, there is no risk of psychoactive effects, no taste or smell, or risk of failing a urinalysis test. CBD isolate is recommended for those seeking the most concentrated form of CBD or needing a bigger dose for the desired effect. If you are new to cannabinoids, CBD isolate-derived products are the best place to start.

 

 


 

Hemp and natural extraction are our bread and butter at Abundant Labs. We have in-house analytical equipment to ensure consistency, and we use standard and proprietary distillation methods to ensure that every product is of the highest standard. Visit our website today for more information on natural extraction, and cannabis/hemp extracts, or to view our range of safe, reliable cannabis/hemp products.

Current Challenges Facing the Cannabis/Hemp Extraction Industry

DISCLAIMER: Medical decisions should not be made based on advertising. Consult a physician on the benefits and risks of particular hemp-derived products.

As we have seen, the cannabis/hemp industry is booming. In fact, it is such a huge business there are many people who want to get involved with it. However, there are some challenges facing those looking to open an extraction facility, so it’s important to know what they are before you begin any testing processes or distribution of products from state to state.

Due to the legalization of cannabis/hemp in many states, there is now a need for testing products and extracting the cannabinoids. This is a challenge because it is important to have a suitable extraction facility in place before beginning any testing processes.

Fortunately, Abundant Labs has been around long enough to address many of the exhaustive processes required. While we have been in existence for quite some time, it does not make us immune to the challenges currently faced.

Cannabis/Hemp Extraction 101

Cannabis/Hemp extraction is a big part of this industry, but it’s also one facing many challenges. For those looking to break into the cannabis/hemp extraction business and with the goal of being an extractor, it is helpful to look at the value of the extraction process.

  • Extraction is a very important part of the cannabis/hemp industry. It involves using solvents or carbon dioxide to separate desired compounds from a plant material like marijuana buds or hemp stalks.
  • Extraction is used to produce cannabis/hemp oil (also known as cannabidiol), which is used for medical purposes such as treating epilepsy or pain relief.

The first step in the testing process is to have a suitable extraction facility in place before beginning any testing processes. This is important because if you do not have the proper equipment and infrastructure, it will be difficult to handle both volume and quality of product, which could lead to contamination of your extractions. The choice of equipment used for extraction also makes a difference when considering the overall quality of your end product.

 

 

Challenge Accepted

One challenge facing those who own or manage an extraction facility is finding trained technicians who know how to handle sensitive equipment such as a Walk-in Cryo Freezer or a Centrifuge Extraction machine. It is important you find the right people to work in your extraction facility not just because this will help you succeed in business but also because it helps ensure the public does not get hurt by any faulty products.

Another challenge is the law. In the United States, medical marijuana is legal in 29 states plus Washington DC (though not all these states allow sales). In addition to those 29 states that have legalized medical marijuana, many other countries have legalized it too, including Canada (2018), Australia (2016), Germany (2017), Italy (2016), France (2018), Mexico City (2018), and Uruguay among others.

Yet another barrier to overcome is distribution. As you may know, marijuana is illegal on the federal level and cannot be transported across state lines in most cases. This means companies need to import or export their products from one state to another if they want their product in multiple states at once. It also means that distributors be careful about complying with both federal and state laws when transporting goods into or out of a given jurisdiction.

 


 

There are many challenges facing the cannabis/hemp extraction industry, but there are also many opportunities for people to get involved in this growing business. If you’re looking to get started, consider partnering with a trusted name in the industry with a wealth of experience and extensive list of satisfied clients and products.

While we specialize in extracting CBD particulates, Abundant Labs is also an extraction facility for natural products. To learn more, please visit our website and blog.

Essential Equipment for Cannabis Extraction

Cannabis extraction is an essential part of the cannabis industry. With the right equipment and conditions, you can make sure your cannabis extraction process produces high-quality products.

In the cannabis industry, there are two main types of extraction: solvent-based and non-solvent based. Solvent-based extraction is the most common method and uses a solvent such as  propane, butane, and ethanol (we use ethanol at Abundant Labs) to extract the cannabinoids from plant material. Non-solvent extraction commonly uses supercritical CO2.

There are many factors that affect the quality of your end product. The conditions under which you extract your materials will have a huge impact on how much THC and CBD you can recover from them—and how much of those valuable compounds you’ll lose as waste.

The right equipment will make all the difference.

 

 

Centrifuge Extraction

Our hemp is extracted in 3 industrial-sized centrifuges that allow for an extremely efficient process.

Abundant Labs makes use of a super-cryo ethanol extractor using LN2 in a specially made thermo-exchange unit to drive temperatures to the lowest point possible. Biological materials (such as hemp) are added to the large centrifuge with ethanol at low temperatures.

The hemp/ethanol mixture is spun and agitated to allow the ethanol to dissolve the desired cannabinoids from the hemp material.

The operation then purifies and isolates the desired products from the mixture and removes any impurities.

Reactors

The 100L reactor is a popular size for cannabis extraction due to it’s large capacity that allows the operator to run multiple batches at once. This makes it easy on both your equipment and your budget by allowing you to maximize efficiency through batch-processing (instead of having a bunch of smaller pieces). Additionally, because the size offers such an excellent balance between throughput and cost per unit produced/consumed during operation, there are fewer reasons not to be extremely satisfied with results obtained when using these reactors during extraction!

 

 

Evaporators

Evaporators are used to distill cannabis concentrates. There are many different types of evaporators, all with their own advantages and disadvantages. Evaporators can be made from different materials, including glass and stainless steel. They are also available in a variety of shapes and sizes, which may affect the cost or efficiency of the device.

At Abundant Labs, we use a falling film evaporator, which is a specific type of vertically-oriented shell and tube heat exchanger. It separates two or more substances with different boiling point temperatures by dividing the material into thin films. Heat is transferred rapidly and efficiently across a shell and tube heat exchanger between the media and biological matter/ethanol mixture.

Under pressure, the mixture is spread evenly in a thin film from top to bottom for even heat distribution.The thin layers can be heated to evaporate the ethanol from the mixture efficiently. When the ethanol evaporates into a vapor-liquid form, it is separated by entering a condenser to cool back to liquid form. The ethanol is then recycled back into storage for future use.

Wiped Film Distillation

If you’re looking for one of the most efficient ways to extract your cannabinoids and terpenes, wiped film distillation is a great option. This method uses a wiper to collect the distillate as it’s collected by the condenser.

Wiped film distillation has several advantages over other methods.

It’s one of the fastest and most effective ways to extract cannabinoids and terpenes from your plant material because it operates at low temperatures, which minimizes the risk of cracking or damaging your cannabinoids or terpenes that are being isolated. Cryogenic ethanol extraction is also very effective because it extracts all cannabinoids and terpenes with very little interference or plant matter (this includes non-polar compounds like waxes).

CBD Isolation Reactor

After the distillate has been cleaned, the oil is crystallized. This process cleans the oil. It is possible to isolate the desired component and purge it of any contaminants.

The distillate is mixed into a slurry to perform crystallization.

The liquid is substantially cooled once the CBD distillate dissolves. As the mixture cools, the CBD molecules rearrange into a crystalline structure and separate from the other ingredients.

Utilizing cutting-edge chemical equipment, the isolate is evaluated to establish its pure CBD composition and non-detectable levels of other cannabinoids, such as THC.

 

 

Vac-Ovens

Vacuum ovens are used for drying materials. Dried materials can be used to make cannabis concentrates, and the vacuum oven is often employed for this purpose. Vacuum ovens are also useful for drying substances that are sensitive to heat or water exposure because it won’t burn the biological materials.

Flash Chromatography

Analytical chemical separation methods like flash chromatography are used to clean up mixtures. Goods distilled using falling film and wiped film distillation can retain certain terpenes, cannabinoids, and solvents still present and need to be removed before sale.

By using a solvent to introduce a mixture into the apparatus, flash chromatography is carried out. Given the proper circumstances and methodology, compounds in the solution will separate from one another due to polarity differences.

The solvent is then pumped into the column once the mixture has been added to the top.

Every stage of the extraction procedure can benefit from the use of flash chromatography, which can also be used to check that products are extracted effectively and see whether any parameters need to be changed during the distillation stage.

 


The industry is growing and so is the need to ensure the products are safe for consumption. As a result, many extraction equipment manufacturers have started focusing on creating innovative ways to make cannabis oil extraction more efficient and effective while maintaining high-quality standards.

If you are looking for a company that can provide you with the highest quality of equipment and extraction standards, we, at Abundant Labs, are here to help. Our scientists have a unique combination of experience, skill, and enthusiasm for the projects we undertake. Abundant Labs has the highest quality of equipment and extraction standards available to ensure that you receive the best possible end product.

We believe quality is paramount in everything we do, so we use only the highest quality of equipment and extraction standards. If you would like to work with us, please contact us through our website.