Did you know that the extraction of cannabis dates back to Medieval Egypt? The cannabinoid compounds found in cannabis have long been used for both medicinal and recreational purposes. In recent years, with the slow legalization of cannabis in different countries and states, it has become more important than ever to be able to extract, purify, and quantize cannabis compounds.
At Abundant Labs, we produce and sell compliant CBD distillate and isolate, and we believe in the “science of quality” meaning that we possess the analytics and testing required to produce consistent, quality cannabis products. Cannabis extract purification is essential to the process of producing safe, high-grade, consistent cannabis products: so let’s unpack cannabis extract purification methods, such as flash chromatography.
When we talk about flash chromatography, we are referencing a chemical separation method used to purify chemical compounds in cannabis, specifically cannabinoids. Flash chromatography makes use of air pressure for rapid separation, generally using a pump, a column, solvent, a UV (ultraviolet) detector for detecting the cannabinoids, and a fraction collector for collecting those cannabinoids which are detected.
There can be more than one hundred cannabinoids detected in cannabis, many of which have very similar compound structures, making the separation of compounds difficult due to their lower resolution. This is why flash chromatography is especially useful when purifying cannabis extracts due to its ability to separate the most crucial cannabis compounds (namely THC and CBD), regardless of cannabis’ low resolution.
Normal phase and reverse-phase flash chromatography methods are available, and your purification goals will help decide which method is best to be used. The difference between the two methods lies in the column type and solvents used. For normal mode flash chromatography, a silica-filled column and non-polar solvents are utilized whereas reversed-phase flash chromatography uses a waxy, bonded silica column with polar solvents such as water or ethanol.
Normal phase flash chromatography is better suited to the separation of cannabis extracts that contain cannabinoids that have a greater polarity in their compounds, while the opposite is true for reversed-phase.
Other Methods Of Cannabis Extraction Purification
There are other methods that can also be utilized to purify cannabis extracts, such as high-performance liquid chromatography and centrifugal partition chromatography.
High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) uses the same basic principle of purification as flash chromatography with the key differences being that HPLC uses a stainless-steel cylindrical column, while flash chromatography uses a plastic one, which is packed with thin homogenous particles, rather than the inhomogeneous particles of flash chromatography.
Centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC), like the previous two methods of purification mentioned, follows the same principle. The difference with this type of cannabis extract purification is that there are two liquids, that are not capable of mixing, that are used–rather than a liquid and a solid. CPC needs less solvent for the same amount of recovery, or higher, which makes it especially useful in the purification of cannabis extracts for comprehensive or large-scale production of cannabis products.
As the legal cannabis market grows and expands, there is an increased need for further research into cannabis testing and purification. It is only with this research that the market is able to grow, which is something that we at Abundant Labs understand and implement in our cannabis production processes.
Our team of highly qualified and educated science professionals implements rigorous testing procedures throughout the production of our quality cannabis products to ensure that they are manufactured both safely and efficiently. We understand the science of cannabis to guarantee that our customers will enjoy our cannabis products and can consume them with a sense of security. Head to the Abundant Labs website to learn more or shop our range of consistent, quality cannabis products.